Herman Ertresvaas Hilleboe, public health official, received his M.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1931; his M.P.H. from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health in 1933; and, an honorary degree from the University of Rochester in 1954. He married Alica Champeau in 1929. They had 3 children.
From 1929 to 1931 he practiced general medicine in rural Minnesota. He was Chief Medical Officer of the Minnesota Dept. of Social Welfare, 1934-1942; Commanding officer, U.S. Public Health Service, Washington, DC, 1942-1946; Asst. Surgeon General, 1946; New York State Commissioner of Health, 1946-1963; professor of public health and preventive medicine, Albany Medical School, 1948-1962; and professor of health practice, Columbia University School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine, 1963-1970. Hilleboe was a panel expert for the World Health Organization 1948-1974, a visiting professor, consultant, author and member of various societies.